Dry, frizzy hair is not just a hair “type”, but a symptom of unhealthy hair. Read on to find out why you might be experiencing dry hair, and how you can help fix it.
Hair fibres consist of three layers: the cuticle, the cortex and the medulla. When the outermost layer - the cuticle - peels away, the hair’s ability to hold moisture is compromised leading to dry, frizzy hair with split ends. Dryness of hair may also be an outcome of a dry, flaky scalp.
These are some of the reasons you might experience dry hair:
· Washing hair too often
· Using harsh shampoos
· Exposure to sun, heat or pollution
· Hot styling tools
· Frequent blow drying the hair
· Hormonal or age changes
· Hot weather
· Excessive brushing of hair when wet
· Too many hair products
There are various ways of restoring the health of your hair and protecting it from further damage. This includes modifying hair care routines along with a change in diet and lifestyle.
Here’s what you can different with your hair care routine:
Wash your hair less often:
Washing your hair every day rips them off their natural oils and moisture. Hair must be washed 2-3 times a week to maintain their health.
Wash your hair gently:
Dry hair is fragile, prone to breakage and split ends if not handled well. While shampooing, care must be taken to gently massage your scalp with your fingers. Cool or lukewarm water must be used since hot water causes damage. Sulphate-free, frizz minimizing shampoo are your best friend and must be used for your hair.
Condition your hair:
Dry hair must be conditioned each time it’s washed. A good quality conditioner must be applied along the length of your hair and left in for the specified time before gently rinsing it off. For hair that is too dry, a leave-in conditioner must be considered.
Drying your hair:
After washing your hair, excess water must be gently squeezed out and your hair must be patted dry with a cloth or a cotton t-shirt instead of a towel. The filaments of the towel are too harsh and may damage your hair.
Air dry your hair:
Air drying is the best way to naturally dry your hair. If at all a blow dryer is to be used, it must be kept several inches away from your hair and at a lower setting.
Combing your hair:
Dry hair must be combed with a wide toothed comb instead of brushing them to avoid added frizziness. Hair must be combed at the tips first, working your way up the roots to avoid tangles and breakage. In case of tangles, conditioners can be massaged into your hair. Fingers can also be used to gently work out the tangles.
Deep conditioning your hair once a week can help restore moisture. A deep conditioner must be applied on your hair with your fingers and a wide toothed comb to coat your hair evenly. It must then be covered and left for an hour before being rinsed out with a sulphate-free shampoo.
Various oils such as coconut oil, almond oil, castor oil, lavender oil, jojoba oil, olive oil, etc. can be used as a deep conditioner. The best way to use them is by massaging them into the hair an hour or so before it is washed. Oils can also be used to the end of your hair care routine - use it towards the tips when the hair is too dry.
Gentle hot oil massages prior to hair washes are beneficial for dry hair. It also enhances the circulation and thus promotes hair growth.
Protecting your hair:
While going outdoors, it is essential to protect dry hair from damage by the sun or pollution, at all times. A scarf, hat or cap can help cover and protect hair from harsh weather such as the extreme sun and cold winds. Hair can also be protected from chemicals while swimming by wearing a swim cap.
Your hair must be trimmed every 2 or 3 months to get rid of the damaged ends and promote the growth of new healthy hair.
Avoid heat, chemical treatments and too many hair products:
Hot styling tools like straighteners, curling irons, blow dryers, hot rollers and chemicals like hair dyes, bleaches, hair colors, perms really damage your hair. Hair styling products that contain alcohol must be completely avoided, since they add dryness to the hair. Sulfate-free shampoos and silicone-free conditioners should be preferred.
Avoid tight hairstyles:
Hairstyles like tight ponies, braids, weaves, etc. pull the hair causing breakage, hair fall and even bald spots. Tight hairstyles must be avoided and dry hair must be let loose.
Diet and lifestyle changes:
Eating a nutritious diet and maintaining a healthy lifestyle is key to having healthy hair. Consuming plenty of water and fluids keeps the body hydrated and prevents hair from drying. Having a diet rich in proteins and omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B12, vitamin C and iron promotes hair health. Eggs, salmon, fish, nuts, pulses, leafy vegetables are great foods for gaining the earlier mentioned vitamins. Smoking should be avoided completely. Stress and anxiety also affect hair health. These can be managed by regular exercise, yoga and meditation.
In case of too dry and unhealthy hair, a dermatologist or a trichologist must be visited. A conversation about hair supplements such as biotin, fish oil must be considered!
Facing hair problems? With Remedico, you can consult with a certified dermatologist wherever you are, all from your smartphone. We will send you a personalised treatment plan within 24 hours, and provide you regular follow ups and answers to all your questions.