This is the latest in our series of posts covering various skin and hair conditions. You can check our previous articles for information about hair fall, acne, and stretch marks. In this post, we cover something that many of you have experienced – dark circles.
What causes dark circles?
Peri-orbital pigmentation (more commonly known as dark circles), is one of the most common skin problems encountered in India, particularly by girls and women.
While the condition is usually hereditary, it can also develop or worsen over the years due to underlying health conditions, or for lifestyle reasons. Therefore you should be aware of what habits can contribute to your dark circles, and make sure you take the right steps to reduce them.
Late nights, inadequate sleep, and strain on the eyes due to excessive use of gadgets are significant contributors. Rubbing of the eyes (often due to dryness) can also worsen dark circles. Those who are regular with their kajal -be careful! Make sure you remove the kohl from your eyelids before you hit the bed.
Removing eye make-up should be done gently, with minimal rubbing. If you have sensitive skin or dermatoses (like seborrheic or atopic dermatitis, or allergic contact dermatitis), you may be prone to dryness, and especially so around your eyes. Not only does dryness give a brownish appearance to the skin but also makes it itchy. Rubbing and scratching it further contributes to the pigmentation.
Dark circles can sometimes be a pointer to underlying hormonal conditions like hypothyroidism and insulin resistance, which will usually be picked up by your dermatologist. Those with a green or purple hue under their eyes may have vascular (blood-related) pigmentation. This is due to the prominence of superficial blood vessels under the thin skin in that area.
Some people may get a hollowing and shadowing under their eyes due to the underlying skin becoming lax with age (this can also appear as wrinkling under the eyes). This can get deeper as you age and with loss of fat under the thin skin. Such patients can partially improve the appearance of their dark circles by the injection of fillers to reduce the shadowing.
How can I treat my dark circles?
The causes of dark circles can be many. The best way to treat them is to first determine the underlying cause, and get a prescribed treatment – all from a qualified dermatologist.
Avoiding the practices that we mentioned in this post, using creams prescribed by a dermatologist, wearing sunglasses to get protection from the sun, and regular moisturizing with a hypoallergenic moisturizer will all help reduce the pigmentation around your eyes.
It’s important to note that you should never self-medicate – only take medical treatment for your dark circles that has been prescribed by a dermatologist.
With Remedico, you can consult with a certified dermatologist for your dark circles from wherever you are, from your smartphone. We will send you a personalised treatment plan within 24 hours.