Oily skin affects people of all age groups, but teenagers experience it the most. The oiliness of your skin is influenced by genetics, hormones and lifestyle. In this blog post we discuss some effective ways to manage oily skin.
Sebaceous glands, present mainly in the skin of the face and scalp in humans, secrete an oily, waxy substance – sebum. These oily secretions moisturise your skin, protect it from desiccation, and also prevent premature ageing and wrinkles. However when skin becomes overly oily, this is a result of over-secretion of sebum from the sebaceous glands. It can cause clogged pores, acne and pimples, and can be troublesome.
Here are some ways you can manage your oily skin:
- Washing your face regularly: People with oily skin type must wash their face at least twice a day. Washing off the excess sebum adds a freshness to your face. A mild face cleanser, containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid or glycolic acid can be used depending on the skin type and needs. You should consult a dermatologist to know the right cleanser for you. Harsh soaps and cleansers must also be avoided, as they cause irritation to the skin, which further increases the production of oil.
- Using an alcohol-free toner: A few drops of toner can be applied occasionally. It should be dabbed on a cotton swab and applied only on the affected oily areas of the skin, and not to the whole face, this helps absorb excess oils.
- Use of blotting papers: Blotting papers are used to absorb excess oils quickly and effectively, and come in handy throughout the day. However, they just absorb excess oils and do not interfere with the skin’s oil production. They must be pressed against the oily parts of your skin and gently held for 15-20 seconds. Do not rub them into your skin, because this can cause the spreading of oil and dirt, which can cause infections.
- Using a mild moisturising cream: Even oily skin tends to get dry sometimes, and needs to be taken care of, to restore its health. Use of a mild, oil-free hydratingmoisturiser in small amounts is recommended.
- Replacing old towels or face pads daily: Any towels or pads, used on the face, must be replaced each day, since they trap dirt, oil and germs, which might cause infection or irritation to oily skin, if used often.
- Cosmetic clays: Cosmetic clays are commercially available products, used to treat skin conditions. French green clay, being highly absorbent, absorbs excess sebum, and is used to treat oily skin and acne. It comes as a powder, which is formed to a paste consistency by adding water or rose water. It is then applied as a mask to the face and left undisturbed until dry. It is later removed with warm water, and pat dry.
- Diet and lifestyle changes: Excess sebum production is controlled by various methods but it cannot be treated completely if diet and lifestyle changes aren’t made. These include avoiding unhealthy fried foods, fast foods, limiting oil consumption and exercising regularly. Yoga, meditation and exercise help to keep stress levels in control, thus controlling excessive oil secretions.
- Avoiding heavy cosmetics: Use of heavy cosmetics can clog pores which can cause acne if you have oily skin. It also contains chemicals which might induce irritation of the skin, which in turn increases the secretion of oils.
- Visiting a dermatologist: If the problem of oily skin is persistent even after taking good care of your skin, a dermatologist must be visited. Various treatment options are available, depending upon the condition of the skin:
- Topically applied creams: They are applied to the affected oily areas of the face with the help of a cotton swab to control oily secretions.
- Laser treatment: Laser treatment shrinks pores and thus reduces oil secretions.
- Oral medications: One such drug is Isotretinoin. It shrinks the oil glands and thus reduces the production of sebum. It should be taken only under the supervision of a registered dermatologist.
- Chemical treatment: In this procedure called chemical peels, the top layer of skin is removed with the help of certain chemicals. It is used to treat acne, oily skin and skin damage. These should only be performed under the supervision of a registered dermatologist.
It’s important to note that you should never self-medicate – only take treatment for your oily skin that has been prescribed by a dermatologist. With Remedico, you can consult with a certified dermatologist for your oily skin from wherever you are, all from your smartphone. We will send you a personalised treatment plan within 24 hours.