Effects Of Food Allergies On Your Skin

. 4 min read

Food allergies caused when your immune system reciprocates to food in an abnormal way. A food allergy may cause itching and swelling, redness of the skin,  rashes, itchy-painful bumps called hives, shortness of breath and may even lead to serious diseases like anaphylaxis.

Apart from a weak immune system food allergies are caused by a number of factors like food additives, food colours, synthetic flavourings and a number of other reasons. In this article, we discuss the harmful effects of food allergies on your skin and the associated risks involved in it.

  • Hives: The most common and widespread allergic reaction is hives. It is a combination of a number of skin allergic symptoms. It is a combination of red coloured rashes or welts of different shapes and sizes appearing on the body. Some are itchy red bumps which can be even severe at times if not treated at the proper time. It can lead to swelling of your throat, lips and even eyes. This can be fatal as swelling inside the throat may lead to choking.
    Cause: It’s mainly caused when the allergy-causing agent (allergen)  present in food like shellfish, peanuts, soy, eggs, wheat products etc. reacts with our body to release histamine and other chemicals from under the surface of the skin causing inflammation and fluid to accumulate under the skin, causing welts, rashes, itchy bumps and swellings.
    Remedy: Always consult a doctor if the problem persists. An allergy medicine like anti histamines may help temporarily but always consult a doctor because it may be the outcome of any underlying issue. Avoid triggers like peanuts, eggs, shellfishes etc. which can cause the allergy.

  • Dermatitis: Dermatitis causes skin inflammation. Like hives, it involves a range of ailments like red, dry, and itchy skin, crusty scales, painful cracks, or blisters that ooze fluid. Coin-shaped red plaques occur around the limbs and torso. It is more common in men. There are different types of dermatitis, but in this article, we are going to discuss the type of dermatitis caused due to food allergy.
    Cause: There are a number of reasons behind dermatitis but food play a major role. Indian food, being high on carbohydrate-rich diet, can trigger dermatitis. Even high –protein and food having high glycemic value can be the causing factors.
    Remedy: Try to avoid gluten rich, carb and spicy food as they might initiate the allergy. Even excessive alcohol and chocolate can aggravate the situation. Consult a dermatologist for every underlying reason as allergies vary from person to person. Oral as well as topical medications can be used for quick relief but prolonged use of any steroids may worsen the situation. So, never try to self-treat Dermatitis.

  • Eczema: In eczema, skin itches and turns red and gets sore. Blisters filled with fluid are formed on your fingers, toes, palms, and soles of your feet. These blisters are itchy and painful in nature. Skin in areas where the blisters appear may turn lighter or darker, or get thicker and scaly. Small, coin-shaped bumps may appear and ooze fluid if you scratch them.
    Cause: Certain components in food like nuts, seafood, soy products, cow’s milk can trigger allergy by attacking the body’s immune system, releasing Histamine and resulting in inflammatory blisters.
    Remedy: Avoid food like peanuts, cow milk, peas, soy products etc. Always consult a doctor. Do not self-treat as it is a serious skin condition.

  • Angioedema: It is similar to Hives but out here the swelling takes place beneath the skin unlike hives. Sometimes symptoms include cramping in the stomach and pale patches or rashes around the arms, fingers, and feet.In some occasion symptoms include inflammation of the throat muscle resulting in shortness of breath.
    Causes: Synthetic flavouring, added colours, mushrooms, shrimps, peanuts attack the subcutaneous region of our skin resulting in abnormal bloating.
    Remedy: Long-acting, a non-sedating antihistamine may help in treating angioedema. Avoid triggers such as shellfish, nuts, pea, grams, excess proteins, lentils. Consult an allergy specialist.

  • Psoriasis: This is a skin condition not directly related to food allergy but certain food aggravates Psoriasis. In this syndrome, cells build up fast on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells form scales and red patches that are itchy and painful. It results in red rashes covered with transparent scales.These rashes are sometimes itchy and sometimes very painful.Even bleeding happens if scratched too much.It effects nails resulting in dry, rugged painful nail cuticles.
    Cause: It is caused due to the weakened immune system when it is attacked by the allergy-causing agents in certain food.The T-cells which help to fight against the allergen present in the food get confused and attack the healthy cells causing excessive production of healthy cells as if it is trying to heal a wound. This leads the healthy cells to come up on the surface and form thick, scaly patches on the skin’s surface.
    Remedy: Consult a dermatologist if the problem exists. Medical help is needed to cure psoriasis. Avoid food which can cause acidity as acidity might trigger ssoriasis. Avoid salty and sour food.

  • Skin Itching and Redness: This is a very common problem which almost every one of us has encountered. Itching and small red rashes start to appear after we intake certain food. This is natural and can be treated.
    Cause: Different food has different chemical composition some may suit your body type some may not. Not all body can digest every food. Sometimes indigestion leads to the generation of heat resulting in skin rashes, redness and itchy bumps.
    Remedy: Observe which food is triggering allergic reactions to your body. Sometimes some food can cause allergic reactions to some but the same food may not cause rashes to others. Avoid that food which causes difficulty. If the problem persists consult a doctor.

So, the aforementioned skin issues and problems can occur due to food allergy. Food allergy is not harmful if treated medically at an early stage. It is always better to treat it by finding the cause rather than just suppressing it temporarily. Consult our dermatologists for any rash or skin allergy you may have.