Now that we have discussed the basics of the hairs life-cycle, we can safely conclude that few hair strands stuck in your hairbrush or lying on your pillow may not necessarily be a matter of concern. However, people do suffer from premature hair fall and thinning of hair. In any case, if you find your hair loss symptoms identical or similar to any of the following, consulting a dermatologist is the best option for you.
Types of hair loss:
(1) Androgenetic alopecia – Popularly known as Male/Female Pattern Baldness. Men and women both can suffer from this type of hair loss very early in life, may be in their twenties.
Cause: Mainly due to abnormal levels of androgens (male hormones produced naturally in both men and women body)
(2) Alopecia areata – Considered to be an anomaly of the immune system which may target the hair follicles incorrectly and affect the natural growth phase of hair. This condition leads to patchy hair fall on your scalp.
Cause: Genetics may play the most critical factor in this.
(3) Alopecia totalis / Alopecia universalis – Advanced stages of alopecia areata where you may end up losing all your scalp hair completely (alopecia totalis) or even including the hair from other body parts such as eyelashes, eyebrows, pubic hair (alopecia universalis).
Cause: Most likely to be genetics like Alopecia areata.
(4) Traction alopecia – Damaged hair follicles due to external factors like constant tension or pulling of hair may lead to this type of hair loss.
Cause: Stringent hairstyles such as tight ponytails, buns or using hair extensions over a long period of time can result in traction alopecia, more specifically, chignon alopecia.
Another type of traction alopecia (trichotillomania) may be caused due to impulse control disorder (ICD) where one constantly pulls out his/her own hair without an active control over the action.
(5) Anagen effluvium / Telogen effluvium – Sudden hair loss due to affected hair follicles during anagen phase (mostly temporary) or prematurely forcing follicles to enter telogen phase.
Cause: Sudden exposure to chemicals or toxins like during chemotherapy can lead to Anagen effluvium, while other physical or physiological factors like trauma, stress, severe illness, surgery may cause Telogen effluvium.
(6) Scarring alopecias – A permanent hair loss condition also known as Cicatricial alopecia where the hair follicles are completely destroyed losing the ability to regenerate hair thread.
Cause: Skin disorders like cellulitis, lichen planus etc. may attack the hair follicles beneath the scalp and damage them permanently by replacing with scar tissues.
All the types and symptoms mentioned above are solely for having a better understanding on hair growth or its abnormalities. The exact root cause behind any type of hair problem can only be determined by a dermatologist. Always consult a specialist before trying any fancy styling or experiment on your hair. It can save you from irreparable and irreversible damages to your beautiful locks of hair!
Remedico is the fastest and easiest way you can consult with a certified dermatologist. Fill a 5 minute questionnaire and we will send you a personalised treatment plan within 24 hours. Consult our doctors now.