In part III of our three-part series on How To Understand Acne Better, we are going to focus on teenage acne. For some people puberty is a blessing but for most of us its just a big nuisance where we go from cute and sweet to awkward and unsure. With puberty comes the surge of hormones, and the intricate issues of teenage life, most prominent of which is oily skin.
The hormones released during your teenage years causes hyper-secretion of oil by your sebaceous (oil releasing) glands. This causes your pores to get clogged; allowing bacteria to grow in them and thus causing breakouts, whiteheads and blackheads. Oily skin can be due to many reasons: genetic, hormonal, cosmetic or even diet based. Oily skin is marked by a thick, shiny complexion and larger pores.
Removing all the oil from your skin is not the solution because oil is essential in keeping your skin healthy and waterproof. It is one of the primary defence systems of your body that keeps bacteria and other germs from entering your body directly. It is also a way to remove small amounts of excretory substances. Its varied functions makes it an integral part of having healthy skin. This needs to be kept in mind as people tend to over-do solutions leading to dry skin and other related issues.
On a general basis, oil is more in the T-zone: forehead, nose and chin. Some people even get it on their cheeks. Each person’s skin is different and a dermatologist can tell you exactly what kind of skin you have and which zones of your face is susceptible to oily skin.
Here are some tips to help reduce excess sebum production:
- Cleanse your face with a gentle foam based soap twice a day. Keep in mind, not to use an alkali based soap, because it will dry your skin right up. Washing more than twice a day will do the same.
- Use alcohol-free toner on days you feel your skin is too oily. It will gently remove oil and traces of dirt from your skin and prevent your pores from getting clogged. It will also prevent bacteria from entering your pores. Apply it over your face and neck after washing your face with two dampen cotton balls.
- Exfoliate once or twice a week with a gentle scrub. It will help get rid of the outer layer of grease and oil. It will also help clear out the pores.
- Do not apply excess makeup. It will not allow your skin to breathe and cause more breakouts. It will also encourage blackhead formation.
- Use a water based makeup remover to remove all traces of makeup before going to sleep.
- Carry blotting paper to remove excess oil from your face during the day.
- Protect your skin from the sun. Use a light sunscreen when stepping out into the sun.
- Avoid dairy products, refined carbohydrates and saturated and trans fats. Keep your diet full of vitamins and enriching minerals.
- Drink LOTS of water. Stay hydrated all day through, this will help in the overall health of your hair and skin.
- Get a clear understanding on the reason behind the oil collecting over your skin. Consult a dermatologist to keep a check on your skin.
Oily skin is an issue a lot of teenagers and even older individuals face. With Remedico, you can consult with a certified dermatologist for your oily skin from wherever you are, all from your smartphone. It takes only five minutes to complete our consultation after which we will send you a personalised treatment plan within 24 hours.