As promised in our last blog post, here is the second part to our three-part series on How To Understand Acne Better. In part I of our series we focused on understanding the causes and extent to which acne can affect us. In part II, find out how your lifestyle affects your acne and few of its treatment options.
Facewash and acne
Products are not always the enemy - the key is to find the right ones! In younger individuals that are physically active frequently, a simple facewash that suits their skin type will help. If you have oily skin type, you should wash your face more often as the oil builds back up.
Try to stay away from scrubs and exfoliating facewashes with artificial microbeads. They are unnecessary and can worsen existing inflammation!
With the right face wash for your particular skin, gently washing your face at least twice a day – and once again if you’ve been sweating or exercising – is usually enough.
Moisturiser and acne
Facewash can leave your skin dry as time passes - it is important to not overwhelm your skin. Try and stay away from oily moisturizers that clog the pores – this can worsen a pimple breakout.
Opt for lighter hydrating products, which are "non-comedogenic" or non-acne forming. Sunscreens also come in matte form, which prevents product pile up, but still provide adequate sun protection.
It’s always advisable to make sure you get the right advice regarding which products to use, from a qualified dermatologist. Don't just use a popular product on your face - you don't know if you could negatively react to its ingredients.
Lifestyle and acne
Newer studies show a direct correlation between our diet, metabolism, and how our lifestyle choices can impact acne.
Since acne has a hormonal aspect, it will always be affected by diet and metabolism. Adult acne is completely hormonal and dependant to a great deal on lifestyle. Correction of PCOS (Polycistic Ovarian Syndrome), a hormonal disorder, is critical and is often a major cause of acne in adults.
Diet control and exercise will also help. If your condition doesn’t settle down through this treatment, it is imperative to do a hormonal check for imbalance (if you’re a woman), especially if it is associated with irregular menses, facial hair, or obesity.
Acne treatment options
Medical treatment options for acne can be either topical (e.g. creams, lotions), or oral (tablets). Depending on the grade of acne, one or more treatment options can be combined:
(A) Mild acne: clogging, blackheads and whiteheads
- Topical treatment like bacteriostatic and anti-comedogenic agents
Examples: Benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid and topical retinoids
(B) Moderate acne:
- Topical antibiotics
Examples: Clindamycin, Dapsone and Benzoyl Peroxide
(C) Moderate to severe
- Additional oral antibiotics
Examples: Azithromycin, Doxycycline and Minocycline
(D) Severe cystic acne
- Longer courses of antibiotics and/or oral retinoids
- Procedures: drainage of cysts, steroid injections in the cyst or surgery for revision of scars.
Procedures like chemical peels and lasers, can always be used in addition at any stage of acne, to improve the course of treatment.
It’s important to note that you should never self-medicate – only take medical treatment for your skin or hair conditions that have been prescribed by a dermatologist.
To better understand your condition and receive a personalized treatment plan, you can consult with a certified dermatologist right away with Remedico. Wherever you are, from your smartphone!